Distributed consensus charging for current unbalance reduction

Published in 19th IFAC World Congress, 2014

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Electric Vehicle (EV) technology has developed rapidly in recent years, with the result that increasing levels of EV penetration are expected on electrical grids in the near future. The increasing electricity demand due to EVs is expected to provide many challenges for grid companies, and it is expected that it will be necessary to reinforce the current electrical grid infrastructure to cater for increasing loads at distribution level. However, by harnessing the power of Vehicle to Grid (V2G) technologies, groups of EVs could be harnessed to provide ancillary services to the grid. Current unbalance occurs at distribution level when currents are unbalanced between each of the phases. In this paper a distributed consensus algorithm is used to coordinate EV charging in order to minimise current unbalance. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed algorithm is effective in rebalancing phase currents.


title={Distributed consensus charging for current unbalance reduction},
author={Liu, Mingming and McNamara, Paul and Shorten, Robert and McLoone, Se{'a}n},
journal={IFAC Proceedings Volumes},